Chapter 2 The Impact of U.S. Global Strategic Restructuring on China
On January 20, 2021, Joseph Biden was sworn in as the 46th President of the United States. Biden advocates a return to international leadership and maintaining a rules-based international order. Biden also supports democracy and human rights, promoting democracy and human rights as part of U.S. foreign policy and hosting the first Democracy Summit. In addition, he emphasized the importance of partners and allies, and actively improved relations with those. On military affairs, Biden launched the Global Posture Review. As a result, the White House announced the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan and its intention to end the military mission in Iraq by the end of 2021. At the same time, Washington has increased its focus on the Indo-Pacific region and expanded its military presence in the region. Biden called for strengthening supply chain security and promoting U.S. competitiveness on the economic front. Biden has also proposed the Build Back Better World (B3W Partnership) initiative to help improve the infrastructure of developing countries.
In this regard, Biden’s policy toward China has received much attention. Biden identified China as one source of threat to the United States and the only country that can combine economic, diplomatic, military, and technological power to challenge the open and stable international system that the United States has established. Therefore, Washington has adopted a approach, expanding relations with its allied partners to maintain a rules-based international order and a free and open Indo-Pacific region, as well as expressing concern over China’s actions in the fields of nuclear weapons, conventional forces, human rights, Xinjiang, Tibet, Hong Kong, Taiwan, the East China Sea, the South China Sea, economic and trade, and the Internet. On the other hand, Washington still hopes to cooperate with China on issues such as Afghanistan, North Korea, Iran, and climate change, maintaining a channel of communication with China to avoid strategic misunderstandings and ensure potential and opportunities for cooperation.
Biden’s global strategic restructuring not only strengthens the competitive relationship with China, but also shapes the development of the global and Indo- Pacific regions and allows U.S. partners in Europe to intensify their presence in the Indo-Pacific region. As a result, the U.S.-China rivalry in the global and Indo- Pacific regions has become more pronounced. This article first introduces Biden’s global strategic adjustments, then analyzes the Biden administration’s China policy, then interprets the impact of the U.S. global strategic adjustments on China and the Indo-Pacific region, and finally concludes.